Grammaticalisation paths in the rise and development of aside

Keywords: aside, a-adverbials, grammaticalisation, decategorisation, coalescence, attrition


In this paper we analyse the grammaticalisation processes involved in the rise and development of the ‘a-adverbial’ aside from the original combination of the preposition on and the substantive side in Old English. Different aspects of this grammatical change will be discussed in the paper, from morphosyntactic and phonological (coalescence-univerbation) to semantic ones (development of abstract senses, extension of semantic range), taking very much into account the diachronic axis that underpins them. Special attention has been paid in the analysis to the variation patterns of aside that existed in the Late Middle English period (when the actual process of grammaticalisation was about to be completed) and to the correlation of these variants with the geographic provenance of the texts, trying to determine if the processes of word formation that gave rise to this new word class travelled homogeneously across Britain.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Allen, Cynthia. 2019. Dative External Possessors in Early English. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bennett, Jack Arthur Walter and Geoffrey Victor Smithers. 1968. Early Middle English Verse and Prose (second edition). Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Brenda, Maria. 2014. The Cognitive Perspective on the Polysemy of the English Spatial Preposition Over. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Brunner, Karl. 1913. Der Mittelenglische Versroman über Richard Löwenherz: Kritische Ausgabe nach allen Handschriften mit Einleitung, Anmerkungen und Deutscher Übersetzung. Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller.

Croft, William. 2000. Explaining Language Change: An Evolutionary Approach. London: Longman.

Fischer, Olga, Hendrik De Smet and Wim van der Wurff. 2017. A Brief History of English Syntax. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.

Heine, Bernd, Ulrike Claudi and Friederike Hünnemeyer. 1991.Grammaticalization: A Conceptual Framework. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Heine, Bernd and Tania Kuteva. 2002. World Lexicon of Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Heine, Bernd. 2003. Grammaticalisation. In Brian D. Joseph and Richard D. Janda eds. The Handbook of Historical Linguistics. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 575–601.

Hopper, Paul J. and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. 2003. Grammaticalisation (second edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Huddleston, Rodney and Geoffrey K. Pullum. 2002. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kemenade, Ans van and Bettelou Los. 2003. Particles and prefixes in Dutch and English. In Geert Booji Geert and Jaap van Marle eds. Yearbook of Morphology, 2003. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 79–117.

Lass, Roger. 1992. Phonology and Morphology. In Norman Blake ed. The Cambridge History of the English Language. Volume II (1066–1476). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 23–155.

Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson. 1980. Metaphors we Live by. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Lehman, Christian. 1985. Grammaticalization: Synchronic variation and diachronic change. Lingua e Stile 20/3: 303–318.

Mossé, Fernand. 1952. Handbook of Middle English (ninth edition). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Pérez Lorido, Rodrigo and Patricia Casado Núñez. 2017. Early stages of the ‘his genitive’: Separated genitives in Old English. SELIM, Journal of the Spanish Society for Medieval English Language and Literature 22: 45–75.

Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech and Jan Svartvik. 1985. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.

Random House. 1987[1966]. The Random House Dictionary of the English Language (second edition, unabridged). New York: Random House.

Rissanen, Matti. 2004. Grammaticalisation from side to side: On the development of beside(s). In Hans Lindquist and Christian Mair eds. Corpus Approaches to Grammaticalization in English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 151–170.

Schlüter, Julia. 2008. Constraints on the attributive use of ‘predicative-only’ adjectives: A reassessment. In Graeme Trousdale and Nicholas Gisborne eds. Constructional Approaches to English Grammar. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 145–182.

Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 1999. Subjectification in grammaticalisation. In Dieter Stein and Susan Wright eds. Subjectivity and Subjectivisation: Linguistic Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 32–54.

Tyler, Andrea and Vyvyan Evans. 2003. The Semantics of English Prepositions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dictionary of Old English Corpus (DOEC): original release (1981) compiled by Angus Cameron, Ashley Crandell Amos, Sharon Butler and Antonette diPaolo Healey (Toronto: DOE Project 1981); 2009 release compiled by Antonette diPaolo Healey, Joan Holland, Ian McDougall and David McDougall, with TEI-P5 conformant-version by Xin Xiang (Toronto: DOE Project 2009).

Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse (CMEPV): assembled from works contributed by University of Michigan faculty and from texts provided by the Oxford Text Archive, as well as works created specifically for the corpus by the HTI.

Linguistic Atlas of Late Medieval English (LALME): Michael Benskin, Margaret Laing, Vasilis Karaiskos and Keith Williamson. An Electronic Version of A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English.

Middle English Dictionary. 1952–2001. Hans Kurath, Sherman M. Kuhn and Robert E. Lewis eds. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Online edition available at the Middle English Compendium. 2000–2018. Frances McSparran et al. ed. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Library.

Oxford English Dictionary Online: Oxford University Press.

How to Cite
Pérez Lorido, R., & Ordóñez García, P. (2020). Grammaticalisation paths in the rise and development of aside. Research in Corpus Linguistics, 8(2), 63-86.