Corpus Linguistics and Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO)

Keywords: Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO), English Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC), metadata, Optical Character Recognition (OCR), eighteenth-century studies, bibliographic data science


Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO) is the most comprehensive dataset available in machine-readable form for eighteenth-century printed texts. It plays a crucial role in studies of eighteenth-century language and it has vast potential for corpus linguistics. At the same time, it is an unbalanced corpus that poses a series of different problems. The aim of this paper is to offer a general overview of ECCO for corpus linguistics by analysing, for example, its publication countries and languages. We will also analyse the role of the substantial number of reprints and new editions in the data, discuss genres and the estimates of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) quality. Our conclusion is that whereas ECCO provides a valuable source for corpus linguistics, scholars need to pay attention to historical source criticism. We have highlighted key aspects that need to be taken into consideration when considering its possible uses.


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How to Cite
Tolonen, M., Mäkelä, E., Ijaz, A., & Lahti, L. (2021). Corpus Linguistics and Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO). Research in Corpus Linguistics, 9(1), 19-34.