A corpus-based study of some aspects of the Notts subdialect
Rural dialects are slowly disappearing and giving way to larger, more generalised ways of speaking (Trudgill 2004; Kortmann 2008; Beal 2010; Braber 2015). This paper is concerned with the study of the specific subdialect of Nottinghamshire, known as ‘Notts’ or ‘Nottinghamese’, and aims at describing its linguistic features. For the purpose, a personalised corpus of approximately 26,000 words has been compiled. The corpus consists of oral texts, which have been transcribed, from a TV show set in the area. The analysis is focused on three facets of the dialectal variation surrounding the county of Nottinghamshire, namely relating to the linguistic levels of phonology, morphosyntax and lexis. Several conclusions have been reached, including the /æ/ phoneme as an indicator of a northern dialect, the usage of the velar nasal plus cluster, as well as the pronunciation of continuous forms and past tense irregularities. In terms of lexical analysis, a justification for the evolution of language use in the area is provided.
Anderwald, Lieselotte. 2009. The Morphology of English Dialects: Verb Formation in Non-Standard English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Beal, Joan C. 2010. An Introduction to Regional Englishes. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Beeton, John. 2005. Origins of Nottinghamese. Nottingham: BBC Nottingham. http://www.bbc.co.uk/nottingham/content/articles/2005/01/04/features_about_nottinghamshire_nottinghamese_by_john_beeton_feature.shtml (15 April, 2021.)
Braber, Natalie. 2015. Nottinghamshire Dialect. Sheffield: Bradwell Books.
Bragg, Melvyn. 2011. Archive on 4: RP RIP? Manchester: BBC Radio 4. https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/b012zy1c (15 April, 2021.)
Britain, David. 2009. One foot in the grave? Dialect death, dialect contact, and dialect birth in England. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 196–197: 121–155.
Burbano-Elizondo, Lourdes. 2008. Language Variation and Identity in Sunderland. Sheffield: The University of Sheffield dissertation.
Cheshire, Jenny, Viv Edwards and Pamela Whittle. 1993. Non-standard English and dialect levelling. In James Milroy and Lesley Milroy eds. Real English: The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles. London: Routledge, 53–96.
Dobson, Eric John. 1957. English Pronunciation 1500–1700. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Falkus, Malcolm and John Gillingham eds. 1989. Historical Atlas of Britain. London: Kingfisher Books.
Kilgarriff, Adam, Vít Baisa, Jan Bušta, Miloš Jakubíček, Vojtěch Kovář, Jan Michelfeit, Pavel Rychlý and Vít Suchomel. 2014. The Sketch Engine: Ten years on. Lexicography 1: 7–36.
Kortmann, Bernd. 2008. Synopsis: Morphological and syntactic variation in the British Isles. In Bernd Kortmann and Clive Upton eds. Varieties of English 1: The British Isles. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 478–495.
Middle English Dictionary. 1952–2001. Hans Kurath, Sherman M. Kuhn and Robert E. Lewis eds. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Online edition available at the Middle English Compendium. 2000–2018. Frances McSparran et al. ed. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Library. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med.
Petyt, Keith Malcolm. 1985. Dialect and Accent in Industrial West Yorkshire. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Shaw, George Bernard. 1912. Pygmalion. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/3825/3825-h/3825-h.htm (15 April, 2021.)
Trudgill, Peter. 1990. The Dialects of England. Oxford: Blackwell.
Trudgill, Peter. 2004. New-Dialect Formation: The Inevitability of Colonial Englishes. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Wales, Katie. 1996. Personal Pronouns in Present-Day English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wells, John Christopher. 1982. Accents of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wright, Joseph. 1898–1905. The English Dialect Dictionary: Being the Complete Vocabulary of all Dialect Words still in Use, or Known to have Been in Use, during the last two hundred Years. London: Henry Frowde.
Wright, Joseph. 1905. The English Dialect Grammar: Comprising the Dialects of England, of the Shetland and Orkney Islands, and of those Parts of Scotland, Ireland & Wales Where English Is Habitually Spoken. London: Henry Frowde.
Copyright (c) 2021 Research in Corpus Linguistics
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.